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Tetracaine

Tetracaine

CLASS

Local anesthetic

DOSAGE

2 drops of 0.5% solution

ROUTE OF ADMINISTRATION

Medication should be instilled into eye in lower conjunctival sac. Patient should be instructed to look up towards the top of the head while the paramedic pulls down the lower lid and instills the medication within the pouch formed by the inner surface of the lower lid and the conjunctiva.

ACTION

Stabilizes membranes of conjunctival and corneal pain fibers to inhibit depolarization and perception of pain.

INDICATIONS

Tetracaine is intended for use in the patient who is unable to cooperate with you in adequately flushing the eye(s) due to discomfort or pain.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

The use of tetracaine is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to the drug. Tetracaine may cross- react in patients with allergy to procaine (Novocain) or chloroprocaine (Nesacaine) and is relatively contraindicated in these patients as well.

WARNINGS

Do not use the solution if it contains crystals.

Discolored solutions should not be used. Containers must be kept tightly closed.

Warn patient not to touch or rub eye while cornea is anesthetized. This may cause corneal abrasion, further injury, and greater discomfort once tetracaine wears off.

SIDE EFFECTS

Many patients experience a transient (

NOTES:
- Tetracaine does not dilate the pupil, paralyze gaze or accommodation, or increase intraocular pressure.

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